Understanding NV Solar Power Laws

Nevada Solar Policy
Last Updated on
getting solar in Reno, Nevada

What you can do with your Nevada solar panels depends on the laws and regulations of your state, utility company, and federal law. Furthermore, these regulations can either make or break the affordability of your solar installation.

Off-grid Solar Laws in Nevada

Often when people think of residential solar, they assume it means they can free themselves from the grid. Although grid-tied solar drastically reduces the cost of the average home’s electricity bill, the off-grid option is most attractive to homeowners who want total removal from their local utility company so they can achieve complete energy independence. 

Nevada’s Off-grid Solar Complications

Turning a home into a self-sustaining powerplant, while great in theory, has its limitations. First, it’s cheaper for most to continue using the grid.

Secondly, even if you have solar batteries, it’s easier to remain connected to the grid. Most stay connected to the grid even if they have battery backup because grid power offers another energy source they can rely on in an emergency.

Legal Off-grid Solar in Nevada

To legally live off-grid in the Silver State, Nevadans have some obstacles they need to overcome. These obstacles include zoning restrictions and city/county ordinances specific to solar. 

To make an off-grid solar array legal, individuals need to secure permits. While residential solar already requires permits, off-grid solar requires more permitting processes, which are expensive and difficult to obtain.

However, if the home already sits in a location without electricity, it’s easier to get permits for off-grid solar. It may even cost less or at least compare to the cost of extending the grid to the home.

Nevada’s Current Electrical Code Vs. the Current National Electric Code

Since solar generates and transports electricity, it follows the National Electric Code (NEC). However, not every state uses the same electric code.

Although NEC 2020 is the latest national code update, it may not apply to your state. To install solar for your Nevada home, you need to know which NEC update the state uses.

The Current National Electric Code

Every three years, the national electric code is updated to account for advances in technology and resolve unintended consequences of existing or previous electrical code law. Each of these codes is as extensive as they are comprehensive. 

As of March 2022, 16 states updated to the NEC 2020, and 11 started the NEC 2020 update process. While stress-tested by professionals in the field, these codes are suggestions. Only when a state implements the code will it become an enforced regulation.

Solar Panel Rapid Shutdown Update in Nevada

The last major change relating to solar power code occurred during the automatic shut-off switch in the 2017 NEC. Before this update, the code only required a switch to turn off the power at the inverter.

Emergency Rapid Shutdown Policy

Pre NEC 2017 solar requirement updates prevented solar power from harming linemen working on the grid during an outage by requiring solar arrays to turn off at the inverter during an outage. However, solar panels still produce power when the inverter is disconnected. While a great workaround for those using SMA Secure Power Supply (SPS), it could become an issue if a first responder had to enter the home through the roof.

Rapid Shutdown and Firefighters

The NEC 2017 now accounts for emergency roof access on solar homes. It mandates a power shut-off at the solar panel when using the automatic shut-off switch. Now all conductors within a foot of the array area need reduction to 80 or fewer volts within 30 seconds.

Nevada Updated Its Electric Code to NEC 2017

As of Mar 1, 2022, Nevada still uses the NEC 2017. However, most solar installers follow the current NEC regardless of the installation location.

Favorable Nevada Solar Programs

While NV Energy’s solar incentive program closed on June 5, 2019, Nevadans still have reasons to install solar on their homes. The state and federal governments incentivize solar, and NV Energy has a net metering tier system and energy storage incentive program.

Nevada’s Solar Access Laws

Nevada’s solar access laws prohibit solar restrictions, making it possible for more individuals to add solar and contribute to the state’s renewable portfolio standard (RPS). These laws prevent real estate, zoning, and communities from hindering solar installation without reasonable cause.

Federal Solar Investment Tax Credit (the ITC)

In 2022, the federal solar tax credit covers 26 percent of qualified solar installations. This incentive has a long history of helping individuals afford solar and will continue to do so, even with annualized prorations of the incentive. 

NV Energy’s Tiered Net Metering

NV Energy has a four-tier net metering system that locks individuals into their agreed rate for 20 years. The current tier pays customers 75 percent of the retail price for excess solar generation exported back onto the grid.

NV Energy’s Energy Storage Incentive Program

Those who want to add storage to their solar array, like a whole-house battery, can also benefit from NV Energy’s 3-step storage incentive program. The July 1, 2021 – June 30, 2022 version of the program pays time-of-use (TOU) customers $0.19 per Watt-hour or up to $3,000 and non-TOU customers $0.095 per Watt-hour or up to $1,500. 


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