How Do Solar Panels Work?

Understanding of how a solar panel works is a simple idea with a complex execution. The basic use of a panel in a solar array is pretty straight forward. The sun hits your panels and then that UV light is converted into usable electricity.

When you look a little deeper though there are quite a few things that go into this process. Knowledge is king when looking into solar. That is why Go Solar Group wants to make sure you know the ins and outs of solar panels.

How Do Solar Panels Work? Residential Solar Power for Beginners

Without even knowing it solar experts will start talking in solar jargon. Words like inverter, kilowatt, power grid and monocrystalline just aren’t words that are used much outside of solar and related industries.

As a newbie to solar it is helpful to know the basics. This will help you feel less lost when you go to compare solar companies.

How Solar Panels Work with a Step by Step Diagram

How do solar panels work?

From left to right: the Sun, solar panel, inverter, household electricity use, net meter, and power grid.

The Epicenter of Solar Power – the Sun

Just like everything else in our galaxy, solar panels begin with the sun. This gigantic mass of energy that fuses hydrogen into helium and comprises 98 percent of the mass in our solar system emits several different types of rays.

99 percent of the sun’s rays are in the form of visible light, ultraviolet rays and infrared rays. Ultraviolet rays or UV rays have shorter wavelengths than the other two and therefore is more energetic than the other rays that are emitted from the sun.

Because these rays are active they are captured with a solar panel. As the sun lights up our planet these panels are used to harness the power of the sun.

What Are Solar Panels Made of?

Each solar panel is made of roughly 60 cells and electrons that create a gyrating interplay of electrical motility and production through UV radiation – the portion of the sun’s rays that makes solar powered homes in Nevada and Utah possible.

Do remember, however, that there are many determinants of solar panels’ ability to produce energy for homes, including roof space. Panel makeup and material is not the only thing that should be assessed when considering rooftop solar for your home.

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Types of Crystalline Silicon for Solar Cells

Solar panels aren’t exactly cars when it comes to prospects’ understanding. Everyone knows leather seats are nice in a car, and everyone knows what level of horsepower makes a car fast and powerful in relation to the competition. However, when it comes to solar panels and the materials from which they’re manufactured, the definitions of these items rarely mean anything to Reno Nevada and Utah homeowners considering rooftop solar.

The details below about the most common kinds of solar panels, however, will prove useful.  To understand how solar panels work, you first have to know what they’re made of and how the components of the panels interoperate to produce solar energy for your home. Each panel is made of roughly 60 cells and electrons that gyrate through UV radiation, and distilling the efficiency of each panel type, at least at the monocrystalline and polycrystalline level, is all about electrons’ motility or ability to potentiate energy within the solar cell itself. As you’ll learn below, Monocrystalline panels are higher quality because they free up room for electrons, whereas polycrystalline solar panels render the electrons somewhat more inert.

Monocrystalline Solar Panels

If we hyphenate the word monocrystalline, it’s easier to deduce the true meaning of the term:  Mono-crystalline means one crystal, the crystal being the substratum of the silica that forms the solar cell. The silica in these panels is cut into separate sections that form bar-like shapes beneath the panels themselves.

This gives the electrons more cellular motility within the panel, making them more efficient than their multicrystalline counterparts. Most crystalline panels use silicon as this crystal. In terms of how these panels are manufactured, the silicon is melted and then a crystal of silicon is dipped into the liquid, forming a solid after it dries into a solid structure known as an ingot. Then the ingots are sliced into silicon wafers, which are used to comprise a large portion of the solar cell.

Polycrystalline Solar Panels (Also Referred to as Multicrystalline Solar Panels)

In the same steps as we underwent with monocrystalline solar panels above, hyphenating the word polycrystalline and multicrystalline (poly-crystalline and multi-crystalline) reveals these kinds of solar panels are made by multiple crystals or crystalline processes.

Although the manufacturing for polycrystalline panels is similar to monocrystalline in that they each rely on melted silica, The difference is that the silicon is allowed to cool, and the panels are melted together.

These panels are slightly less efficient and cheaper to make than monocrystalline panels and are therefore the main product that most solar companies use in Nevada and Utah. Melting many fragments of silica together as solar panel manufacturers do when making polycrystalline panels, makes  for less room for the electrons to move fully throughout the cell of the panel, creating a less efficient form of solar energy production for homeowners, even in sunnier cities like Reno, Nevada.

Amorphous Thin-film Solar Panels

Thin-film panels are made by putting a photovoltaic substance onto glass or another like material. These panels have the lowest efficiency. If you have a lot of space then these might be a good cheaper option to the other two panels above. Overall thin-film panels are not the best option for a home solar installation. Although there are a few instances where amorphous, thin-film solar installation is the best option, Utah and Reno Nevada solar installers generally try to avoid relying on this kind of energy transduction whenever possible, and for the following reasons.

Residential Solar Installation can take longer with thin-film solar panels

Using these kinds of solar panels can sometimes increase the cost of installation, as most solar installers are trained to handle more relevant and more modern forms of residential rooftop solar install, which brings us to our next point regarding innovation and thin-film solar panels.

Amorphous Panels are Past Their Prime, and Are Abandoned by Innovators in the Solar Energy Field

Although thin-film solar panels received recognition and where applied to solar projects in the 1990s, they’ve been left behind as a portion of the solar panel innovation pipeline, making their technology largely defunct and irrelevant in the 21st century solar energy landscape.

Only adding to this equation is the fact that these kinds of solar panels haven’t withstood the test of time in harsh conditions, which is the case for both Monocrystalline and Polycrystalline solar panels. Although polycrystalline is less efficient, it’s withstood rough conditions in space travel and inclement weather.

Nanocrystalline Solar Cells

These include organic conductors that are not limited to silica like the other kinds of solar modules discussed above. The thin film of the nanocrystals needed to create these kinds of solar cells is detailed in a process called “spin coating.”

Although these kinds of solar cells are yet to proliferate in mass, recent solar cell research conducted by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Expounded on by researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology declares these kinds of panels have an extraordinary chance of becoming the solar cell technology of our future not just in residential solar, but in commercial and government research solar as well. Researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory have also drawn the same conclusions.

Found to be promising as early as the 1990s, these photovoltaic cells have been found to demonstrate greater efficiency in leveraging light energy into electrical currents, which is made even more viable by the potentially low cost of the materials that’d be needed to build these for homeowners in rooftop solar.  Sensitized by transparent dye, this method of solar technology will bring a new wave of research and practical application to the world of solar energy within the next decade.

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How do Solar Panels Convert Solar Energy into Electrical Energy? The PV/Solar Inverter

The inverter is what takes direct current absorbed from the solar panels and turns it into an alternating current capable of powering a home. We use the SMA Sunny Boy inverter if you’d like a visual reference for that.

Solar panels aren’t the only items used to convert solar energy into electrical energy. Believe it or not, the panels are just a small component of that well-defined yet very complex process, and the various types of inverters play nuanced and distinct roles in turning direct current absorbed by solar panels into alternating current usable in homes and commercial buildings alike.

Our Favorite Solar PV Inverter: The SMA Sunny Boy

Without the inverter, solar panels would be useless. The panels are connected to the inverter, which is then connected to your home (and battery backup where applicable), and, ultimately, the power grid. On a more technical level, solar panels may sometimes have electronics inserted into their photovoltaic (PV) structure to facilitate a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) mechanism.

This mechanism continually ensures electrical output every five to ten minutes, guiding the panels’ production. At a more basic level, the inverter is what turns alternating current to direct current. Power is always lost in this conversion process, but Go Solar Group German-engineered solar solutions have inverters that are 95% energy efficient.

Go Solar uses a Sunny Boy SMA inverter in most cases. The SMA Sunny Boy is German-engineered. If you’re a Go Solar Group customer and want more  information on monitoring your existing inverter, see this video with one of our solar technicians explaining the SMA set up.

The Other Solar Inverter – the Microinverter

The microinverter is installed on each panel of a rooftop solar system, converting sunlight at the level of the panel, which is different from a string inverter, which converts the current further along in the process. The SolarEdge inverter, which Go Solar Group uses in very rare cases,  is an Israeli-engineered microinverter that functions best for homes with lots of shade and other barriers to panels absorbing the maximum passage of light because of external conditions.

A micro-inverter, like SolarEdge, is used much less frequently than the typical inverter (roughly 5% of the time), and these systems manage each solar panel individually. Micro-inverters convert direct current to alternating current immediately, scaling up on the retention of solar energy to get maximum impact out of the panels,  and on a solar panel-by-solar panel basis. The biggest benefit to using the SolarEdge inverter (if you actually need it) is that when there’s a lot of shade on a property or around a home, the panels can transduce a greater amount of sunlight than they could with an SMA Sunny Boy inverter.

This option also works better for rooftops affording limited space for solar panels. If a roof is very small, a micro-inverter will sometimes work as efficiently as an SMA Sunny Boy. This is the case because the conversion of the electrical current is happening on a module by module basis. If a home has a lot of shade or little exposure to sunlight, a microinverter keeps one maladjusted panel from affecting the output of the remaining solar panels atop a home.

The microinverter also makes additions to the rooftop in terms of number of panels easier to achieve should production not be as high as expected, though production warranties in the states of Nevada and Utah usually cover these issues. Additionally, microinverters, much like traditional laptops, monitor their own IP addresses (basically the equivalent of the phone book for the Internet), so solar installation technicians can monitor a system’s production remotely and resolve any issues that do arise with an inverter.

Central Inverters

These kinds of PV inverters are Like string inverters, but much larger in size and designed to support bigger strings of solar panels. These inverters require less wiring and conduit connectivity, but require a combiner box. These kinds of inverters can most commonly be found with commercial grade solar installs.

String Inverters

String inverters work well with panels installed on roofs in string-like blocks (such as 4 rows with 4 panels per row), and in one location on a roof. String inverters tend to work well for unobstructed rooftops with large surface area. Microinverters are different than string inverters. While a typical inverter like an SMA Sunny Boy will be more efficient at the peak sunlight hours of any given day, a SolarEdge micro-inverter will give some homeowners to make energy harnessing from the panels more consistent throughout the day despite having a lower peak energy production. String inverters have a well-documented history in the world of solar power.

Essentially, a string inverter takes the direct current from an array of solar panels and transforms it into potentiated alternating current. The central drawback of a string inverter is the fact that maladies in shading or other sunlight hindering absorption processes will detract from the entire solar panel system’s output. To some Utah and Reno homeowners, cutting down trees around their home is enough to have their solar service team justify installing a string inverter instead of a microinverter. So, if you have shading issues and want the certainty of a string inverter, you may have to cut down the trees blocking your roof.

Power Optimizers and String Inverters: A Newfound Trend

Power optimizers are frequently coupled with string inverters on a module-by-module basis, increasing the efficiency of the conversion of the electrical current. Power optimizers also improve the current before sending it to the inverter, increasing the power efficiency of a residential solar system.

Battery Backup: How to Get the Most out of Declining Net Metering Returns

Battery backup is a battery that is charged by the excess energy that your solar array produces. Getting enough battery back up to meet all your energy needs is ideal, but unfortunately not the most affordable option.

If you would like to start off small, getting emergency battery backup will give power to your essential electronics and appliances for several hours. Go Solar Group offers free emergency backup with each system installed.

Battery backup for residential installations has been the best option for people that need an off the grid system. It is close to the same price or slightly cheaper than having power lines brought to your remote location and provides people with the tools to becoming self reliant.

Unfortunately, this is not an affordable option for the average solar customer. Battery backup technology is slowly progressing and as time goes on more options at competitive prices will be available, but as of right now Tesla is leading the way.

Until battery backup is able to catch up to consumer needs and price range there is another option to help you stay afloat when the power grid is down. Emergency battery backup allows you to have power for a few essential items when the grid is down.

Go Solar Group is one of the few companies that provides free emergency backup with every system installed. This provides you with security in an emergency or couple hour blackout.

Whether you decide to get backup for solar array or not it is good to at least make sure that your system is compatible with battery backup.

Not all photovoltaic systems are built for battery backup since it isn’t a popular option right now. When battery backup prices go down, and they will go down, you want to make sure you can take advantage of it.

The Net Meter and Net Meter Number

A net meter is a device that  measures what you put on and take off of the power grid. A net meter is installed by your power company after you sign their net metering agreement. If you decide that getting battery backup for your whole home isn’t a good option for you a net meter will most likely be installed.

Because battery backup technology is still evolving into a more affordable option most people sign up for a net metering agreement. This agreement allows customers to use energy from the grid at night when they don’t have the sun and put their excess energy from their solar array during the day on to the grid.

Your power company decides how much of the power you put back onto the grid is credited back to you. What their rates are could be a determining factor of how big of a system you get and what forms of energy storage you choose.

The Power Grid

If you own a typical Utah or Reno, Nevada home, you are connected to the grid, but in a very different and less efficient way than homes that are powered by solar. The power grid is an electrical highway. It is composed of all the different power lines and collection towers that we see connecting our homes to large power plants. Most of these power plants are coal-powered, though some in Nevada rely on natural gas.

Most people that get solar end up staying connected to the power generated by their local power company. Although this is not the best solution, it is the cheapest.

When you stay connected to the grid you are given the ability to draw power from your power company during the night or when inclement weather occurs. Most solar system take this into account and quote a solar array that will produce enough energy during the day throughout the year to offset the cost of using coal power.

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How Do Solar Panels Work in Relation to the Broader Residential Solar Process?

Each home has different energy needs. One family may have large energy consumption items such as a hot tub or an aquarium while another family in the same size home is hardly home to turn the lights on.

It is for this reason that solar estimates are based off of how much energy your home uses. Your energy consumption is labeled as usage on your power bill. Getting a system that is sized correctly for your energy needs is vital to a good solar experience.

Now that the direct current from your solar panels have been converted into alternating current you can use this to power your home. When it comes to powering your home the reality is that most of the time we use more energy at night when the sun isn’t out.

Without the sun your panels will not be able to absorb UV radiation and your system will not have anything to convert into energy.  Thankfully there are a couple of solutions to this problem, such as battery backup.

Each home has different energy needs. One family may have large energy consumption items such as a hot tub or an aquarium while another family in the same size home is hardly home to turn the lights on.

It is for this reason that solar estimates are based off of how much energy your home uses. Your energy consumption is labeled as usage on your power bill. Getting a system that is sized correctly for your energy needs is vital to a good solar experience.

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Solar Panels System: Size, Power, and Production Measurements

Getting a system that is properly sized for your home has a couple of factors that go into it. Below we have gone through what is needed to configure your system.

Sizing the Residential Solar System

The size of a solar array or set of modules/panels for residential rooftop solar is usually measured in terms of watts. Every system is sized based on historical trends and how much sunlight panels receive in an average year.

It’s a 25-year investment because it disperses evenly over that time frame. There are too many variables to say shorter. System sizing is important to solar energy generation. That’s why we don’t recommend DIY solar projects. Additionally, many solar panel installers in Nevada and Utah rely on an SAM (Solar System Advisory Model) software to gauge and size a residential solar array for each home.

System efficiency – All electrical equipment gets less efficient the older it gets, no matter what claims anybody makes. Be leery of solar contractors or installers who promise equipment functionality that never deteriorates, as it will always deteriorate at least slightly.

Production Metrics and Important Units of Measurement for Solar Panels

There are several different terms that are commonly thrown around when talking about solar panels. The most common of which are kwh, voltage, amperage, wattage, net metering and peak solar production hours.

If you have some electrical background then most of these terms are basic knowledge. Not everyone works with electricity though so we are going to give an underlying understanding of these terms.

Kilowatt Hours

(kilowatts)(number of hours running) = Kilowatt Hours

Commonly expressed as KWH or kwh, kilowatt hours are a frequent unit of measurement when it comes to solar panels. Although the term may seem confusing, it is only a verbal expression of a simple multiplication problem.

An example of this type of equation in action would be finding the kilowatt hours for a 7,000-watt rooftop solar array that is producing solar energy for 8 hours on one particular day. After doing the multiplication problem above we find that the total number of kilowatt hours (kwh) is 56,000.

Voltage

Voltage can be thought of as the pressure of an electrical current. Energy provides voltage, which is necessary for the flow of an electrical current. Often notated as V or U, the voltage between two discrete points is equivalent to the work of charge units offsetting an electric field.

Amperage

Amperage is the strength of an electrical current measured in amperes. Essentially, it is the amount of electrical current flowing through a conduit or system. The product of voltage and amperage is the amount of wattage. Just to give you an understanding of how strong units of amperage are, it takes only .75 amps to stop someone’s heart.

Wattage

(voltage)(amperage) = wattage.

For solar installation technicians to do their jobs correctly, they must be able to configure the system to maximize wattage, which is the total amount of electricity conducted. Each panel on a Utah or Reno solar powered home typically has 250 to 310 watts, which is measured in power.

Peak Solar Production Hours

Unfortunately, not every hour of the day throughout the year provides that same amount of ultraviolet radiation. There are between 3 to 5 peak hours per day in the united states.

The peak production hours for your area has to do with the intensity of light that is produced during the day. These hours are when the sun is highest in the sky. To find what your peak hours are for your home you can use an isolation map.

Most electronics perform better in cool environments and solar panels are not an exception to the rule. Your panels will produce more efficiently on a clear cool day then they will on a cloudless hot one. But, because days are longer it is typical to have more production hours during the summer and the closer you are to the equator.

Off-grid vs. On-grid Solar

When considering the financing of your solar system you will want to know if an off grid or on grid solar array is going to be a better option for you. It should be noted that getting an off grid system is more expensive than an on grid.

The price for an off grid system is more expensive because the price of battery backup technology has yet to go down. As time goes on more battery backup options will be available which will make going off grid a viable option for more people.

This being said we have installed a few off grid homes over the past 9 years  and would be more than willing to work with you if you decide that this is the better option. If your home is remote then getting battery backup may be your best option.

Will my solar panels work in the wintertime or with snow?

In the winter snow is a concern for many. If you get snow on your panels, the panels won’t work. Panels heat up and melt snow, but it doesn’t melt in a day.

UV radiation heats up panels and melts snow faster than a traditional roof. This being said if you have a large build up of snow there is no way for the panel to get heated by the ultraviolet rays from the sun.

If you have a lot of snow on your roof you have a couple of options. If you don’t have a way to get to your panels then you will have to rely on the sun to slowly melt the snow. If it isn’t too cold outside you can gently spray the panels off and the snow will melt off.

The last option is to purchase a roof rake. If you get a roof rake making sure that it has rollers will protect your roof and panels from possible damage.

If you decide to use a roof rake be careful. The possibility of snow falling on you is very high. You will want to make sure that you are as far away from where you’re pulling the snow to as possible.

Environmental Considerations on How Solar Panels Work

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Utah and Nevada solar companies, many of whom being at the forefront of innovation and actively trying to improve the sustainability of the American west with solar solutions, should not just think about the environmental viability of the panels themselves, but also the green manufacturing and production process of the panels themselves. If companies do not care about these things, the environmental bullet point on every piece of the company’s marketing collateral is just false advertising. So, here are some things to consider when trying to find an environmentally conscious solar panel provider.

Which Solar Panel Manufacturers Can I trust to Keep Solar Energy Green?

There are tons of panel manufacturers that are popping up internationally. With the new boom in solar panel production has come a need to make sure the process is as clean as possible.

Cheap panels have been produced in order to compete, but these panels have been coming at a high cost. Air and land quality around solar power plants taking short cuts has been compromised to provide a cheaper product.

Using solar panels is clean and helps our air stay clear, but the production of these solar panels sometimes prohibits this from happening. If clean air is one of your motivators to getting solar, we highly recommend looking at the panel manufacturer.

If you look at the manufacturer’s solar scorecard from the Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, you will have a better idea of not only the quality of product, but also the integrity of the company in its environmental production processes.

Is There Waste from Solar Panel Production?

Although cleaner than coal and natural gas the process for producing panels is not a clean one. Chemicals such as cadmium telluride, copper indium selenide, cadmium gallium( ii) selenide, copper indium gallium (di) selenide, hexafluoroethane lead, polyvinyl fluoride, crystalline silicon and silicon tetrachloride all take part at some point in the process.

Toxic sludge is created when these metals and toxins are removed from the water used to manufacture panels. If the manufacturer doesn’t have waste treatment equipment this waste is transported to an approved dump.

The good news is that light has been shined on this topic and as a result more consideration is being given to waste management. Going with a manufacturer that has a high solar scorecard means you are going with a company that is being responsible with the waste that is being produced and is try to produce as little waste as possible.

A study done by FLASH and funded by Technology Foundation STW found that in order to avoid an energy sink we need to make sure that we can recoup energy waste faster than we are creating it. In their results in this study they made this statement:

“Energy pay-back times drop from around 5 years in 1992 to around just under 1 year for poly-Si and just over 1 year for mono-Si PV systems currently.”

This means that although there is waste involved in the process of creating panels it is improving. We have to take into account that solar has only been her since the 70s and therefore is still relatively new. The fact that we can recoup waste output within a year of solar aray use is extremely impressive.

Recycling Solar Panels

Because solar panels last at least 25 years most of the panels that have been produced haven’t gotten to the point where they need to be recycled, but they will. As a result efforts have been made so that these panels can be recycled correctly.

If we don’t do our part to make sure that our panels are disposed of properly toxic substances from these panels could prove to be a huge hindrance to renewable energy’s mission. Right now Europe is taking the lead but, as time goes on recycling panels will be mainstream.

As of right now technologies have been created to recycle 96 percent of PV waste. This is just the beginning of where solar recycling is headed.

Solar Energy Facts, FAQs & Information

What Do Solar Power Plants Do?

When it comes to how solar energy is generated from the sun, there’s more to generating solar electricity than at-home solar systems entail, and that’s where solar power plants come in. Although Go Solar Group does not specialize in any services or products tailored to solar power plants, we know a lot about them and where they fit in the solar energy landscape. Solar power plants can generally be divided into two distinct categories: photovoltaic plants and solar thermal power plants.

The latter of these two makes electricity by concentrating the photoelectric energy of the sun, and the prior of these two kinds of power plants is the kind Nevada and Utah homeowners put on their rooftops every day, and in increasingly large numbers – residential solar.

This means, in a very real sense, that every residence with rooftop solar is technically a power plant, which is a pretty cool concept to think about!

How Does Solar Power Work at Night?

Solar panels use the light waves from ultraviolet rays that the sun produces to excite the electrons in the cells of a solar panel and create a current. At night however these specific light wavelengths aren’t there to get the electrons moving and create a charge.

Moon Power and Lunar Panels: Fact or Fiction?

The moon reflects the light that comes from the sun to the earth. These wavelengths are longer than the ultraviolet rays that are used by the sun’s direct light. Longer wavelengths do not provide enough electron movement for the panels to power anything.

Unfortunately, panels have not as of yet been created to effectively use light reflected from the moon or produced by the stars light-years away. For now, moon/lunar powered panels are still science fiction.

Salt of The Earth: Is this the key to Unlock Solar Nightlife?

In 2009, articles started to come out with a new plausible solution to using solar power at night. Scientists found that because salt has a high melting temperature, it was perfect for storing heat.

The Crescent Dunes Solar Energy Project in Nevada uses molten salt heated by the sun during the day. This super heated salt is then used to power a turbine at night or when weather is not conducive to solar power.

This idea is wonderful and is proving to be a much cheaper option than the lithium ion batteries that are being used to store solar power. The problem is that this process requires a lot of space and the technology hasn’t been converted to a usable format for homeowners. Only time will tell if there is relevant progress to be made here.

Financial Considerations: How the Way Your Solar Panels Work Impacts the Rate of Return

When it comes to making large additions to your home all financial aspects need to be considered. Getting solar to replace your current power provider for the next 25 plus years is a large addition.

People need to know what to expect so that they know when they have a good deal. Using a solar savings calculator will help you get started. Here are a couple of other things to keep in mind while considering finances.

Know that the Biggest Solar Installers Usually Aren’t the Best Options

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory did a study on the relationship between installer pricing and firm size in April of 2017. It was found that large firms are more likely to aline prices with their brand’s reputation. A smaller firm on the other hand is more likely to cite fair prices for the customer.

This equates to large installers being about $2,000 to $5,000 more expensive than a smaller one. This being said this doesn’t mean you should completely write them off as an option. Just make sure you are looking at all the aspects of the product you are purchasing before deciding to go with the name brand that everyone knows and uses.

Solar Production and Service Warranties: An Important Consideration for Homeowners in Nevada and Utah

Warranties vary depending on the manufacture of the product. There are a couple of different types of warranties that typically come with a solar installation.

The service of an installation is normally has a warranty of 10 years. This warranty covers certain materials that are damaged within the first 10 years of use.

Production warranties typically last for about 25 years. These warranties guarantee a certain percentage of product production. Most guarantee that your panels will still produce between 80% to 90% of their original capacity in the first 25 years of use.

Making sure that your manufacturer has good warranties will ensure that your investment will last in the long run. Go Solar group uses Axitec panels these panels have a 12 year manufacturer warranty and a 25 year production warranty of 85%.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Solar Power for Utah and Reno Nevada Homeowners

No matter what you are looking into there will be some pros and cons to it. For all of the major decisions Benjamin Franklin had to make he would put together a pros and cons list. His list helped him to properly weigh what was the best decision.  We have put together some of the pros and cons that we have seen in solar power for you to analyze for yourself.

Advantages of Solar Power for Utah and Reno Nevada Homeowners

  1. Freedom from reliance on coal power.
  2. 25+ years of no or minimal electric bills
  3. Emergency preparedness
  4. Free Emergency battery backup( with Go Solar Group)
  5. Providing micro loans to motivated Africans ( with Go Solar Group)
  6. Federal and state incentive programs designed to make solar affordable.
  7. Increases financial security
  8. Increases the value of your home.
  9. Technological advancement is continuing to make manufacturing a cleaner process.
  10. Process in place to make panel recycling part of the future.
  11. Power backup options are available and continuing to advance.
  12. If you get a loan for solar there is no down payment.
  13. If you pay cash for solar you will most likely get a discount on the whole system.
  14. Referring friends that want to get solar can decrease how much you end up paying for your system.
  15. Your solar array will decrease your carbon footprint while in use.

Disadvantages of Solar Power for Utah and Reno NV Homeowners

  1. Current recycling of old photovoltaic systems is not very high.
  2. Not all of the panel manufacturers report their energy efficiency.
  3. Not all Solar panel companies install their systems. (Go Solar Group does)
  4. Getting solar will most likely require a loan of some sort.
  5. Solar arrays do not produce energy at night.
  6. If you live in an area that doesn’t have a net metering program of some sort you may find it more difficult to get solar.
  7. Buying battery backup for your home is expensive right now.
  8. Not all solar arrays are equipped to have battery backup added to them. (All of Go Solar’s are)
  9. Solar industry growth could cause an energy sink if unchecked.
  10. Having to clear heavy snow off of your panels. (if you live in a colder climate)

We strongly encourage people that are interested in solar to consider all the pros and cons of solar as an industry and individual solar companies. Getting all the facts and comparing them will help you to make the best decision possible.

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